UK’s immigration rules have been amended for the international students and it was implemented on 1 October, 2013. Many authorities have a point of view that feels closing down the post-study work route which will deter foreigners from studying in the UK. Some also feel that the UK work environment will lose out on a ‘diverse’ work culture in the long run. These changes are discussed as below.
-Various check and balance systems have been evolved to make it sure that the candidates who are applying for work and student visa are genuine and they will abide by the rules and regulations for the same.
-Permitting some of the students to work as interns as authorized by the Tier 5 government scheme.
-Flexibility has been given in switching into Tier 2, for the graduate entrepreneurs. It is considered to be one of the most important modes of entry of skillful workers who are not the citizens of the country and are coming from outside of the European Economic Area.
-Provisions have been regulated for Permitting the tourists and business visitors to carry out the academic study. However, it may not be the main reason to visit the country.
-New youth mobility schemes quotas were started in 2014. For example, some countries like Hong Kong are now included in the list of participating countries and territories.
Impact of New visa Rules
New Visa rules may project that UK is not welcoming foreign students
Stringent rules on student visas convey the impression that the UK does not welcome international students as stated by higher education experts. However the main objective of UK Government is to reduce the abuse of the immigration system. New measures would guarantee the proper checks on students. However, a study from the Higher Education Funding Council for England recommend that the number of enrolled international students in English universities had reduced for the very first time in 30 years, diminishing a long-term up going trend.
These changes were executed by the UK government to reduce the fake practices in immigration schemes which will motivate the genuine students to work and study in UK. In spite of the increasing checks of the fraudulent practices by applicant relating to immigration, several numbers of cases are being reported. This new system of provision for the overseas students in UK will curtail such practices.
British Government has already been criticized by the world community for its tautened immigration policies which may result in the direct or indirect attempt to reduce the net migration. The new rules for immigration don’t seem to be appropriate for the objective of UK government as they convey the message to the international students that they are not welcome here. The sources of university finance consists of 30 per cent of total income coming from foreign students, this decline may have a negative impact on university finances. There are some groups like UNIVERSITY UK, which represents almost 134 higher education institutions, has also raised doubts about the new measures. Generally, universities take Visa follow-up issue very seriously. The visa frauds of student visa cases are very low in university sector.
According to the latest data, the net migration of the UK has been grown up to 176,000 high from 153,000 people for the year ending December 2012. The British government aims to get a sharp hike in net migration by the year 2015.
In 2012 UK was ranked as the second-most attractive study target, following the US and equaled with Canada. It was rated by the 1023 agents from 107 nationalities in the ICEF i-graduate Agent Barometer.
Non-EU international students consist of the 12% (306,680) of the overall higher education student population in the UK in 2011/12 as surveyed and stated by the HESA (the UK’s Higher Education Statistics Agency). Out of these 62% of the students are from Asia and out of that 62%-35% constitutes from the students from India and China.
To conclude, we can say that although the Government of Britain is hopeful that these changes will make the UK a very attractive spot for international students but at the same time the visas are refused to a greater extent. Rates of visas were very much below than 20 per cent threshold last year; a reduction of 10 per cent will put huge burden on universities at a time when recruitment of international students is so critical to the UK economy for the persistence of reputable institutions.
Furthermore, it should be borne in mind that it is possible that the student visa may have been rejected because of some genuine mistakes of students and it can not only attribute to intentional visa frauds by the applicants. These strict rules, meant for such applicants may give a negative impression to outside world community.